ERIC Number: ED333567
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
China's School Curriculum Reforms in the 1980s: Achievements and Problems.
An overview of curriculum reforms implemented in China during the 1980s is provided in this paper. A brief historical sketch of educational policy from early Chinese civilization to the present is offered. Two phases of curriculum reforms occurred in the 1980s: those for restoration of the social order and those for structural adaptation and reorientation. The reforms of the first phase were based on a meritocracy in reaction to the radical reform measures taken during the Cultural Revolution, which denounced the conventional acquisition of knowledge. Problems included an imbalanced curriculum in favor of intellectual elites, the devaluation of elective courses, curriculum segmentation, discouragement of creative arts and recreation, and overburdened teachers and students. The second phase was marked by decentralization, flexible stages of implementation, inclusion of vocational education, and regulations for less stringent university requirements and for an integrated curriculum. Remaining problems include lack of financial support, an inflexible curriculum for diverse populations, an abstract and segmented curriculum, exclusion of electives and vocational training, lack of diverse instructional media, and no provision for independent learning. A conclusion is that despite the problems, their existence is evidence of a rapidly developing system. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the New England Educational Research Organization (Portsmouth, NH, April 24-26, 1991).