ERIC Number: ED333550
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Restructuring Learning for All Students: A Policy Statement by the Council of Chief State School Officers on Improved Teaching of Thinking.
Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.
To lead the continuing renewal of the nation's institutions, boost U.S. economic competitiveness, and promote responsible citizenship, American education must itself be renewed and restructured. All educators must be committed to providing a high quality education for all students that results in critical and creative thinking, cooperative problem-solving, reasoned and ethical analysis, responsible and moral action, and a lifelong disposition for thinking and learning. Higher-order thinking is complex, yields multiple solutions, requires interpretation and the use of multiple criteria, involves uncertainty, demands self-regulation of thinking processes, and requires considerable mental effort. Principles to support restructured learning include: (1) ensuring that all students receive an educational program supporting higher learning; (2) acknowledging different rates of development and learning; (3) stressing the teaching of higher-order thinking across all grade levels; (4) providing appropriate classroom environments; (5) ensuring diverse instructional approaches and appropriate student assessment measures; (6) providing relevant professional development opportunities; and (7) communicating higher learning expectations to families and the community. Implementation strategies stress the necessity for providing adequate resources; appropriately designed curricula, textbooks, assessments, and professional development activities; and opportunities for parental and community engagement in the planning, implementation, and evaluation processes. (MLH)
Descriptors: Citizenship Responsibility, Community Support, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Parent Participation, Problem Solving, Professional Development, School Restructuring, Student Evaluation
Publications, Council of Chief State School Officers, 379 Hall of the States, 400 North Capitol Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20001-1511 (free).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Higher Order Learning