ERIC Number: ED333507
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May-24
Reference Count: N/A
Television by Children in Kenya.
Heath, Carla W.
There are two categories of children's television in Kenya: television "for" children, most of which is imported, and television "by" children, all of which is produced in Kenya. Most of the television by children is produced and broadcast by Voice of Kenya television, much of it made up of programs growing out of extra-curricular activities at primary and secondary schools, where students put together programs of songs, poetry, recitation, riddles, skits, and plays, often dealing with contemporary issues. In the process of putting together such shows, children: (1) learned their nation's history from the legends and stories gathered from their elders; (2) discussed contemporary problems and considered how to handle them; (3) learned how to express themselves; (4) practiced English and Swahili, languages studied in school, but not necessarily spoken at home; and (5) learned that a successful project requires individual responsibility and group cooperation. In addition, the programming helped to build a national culture as children of different ethnic backgrounds could learn that they spoke a common language and shared common aspirations. Centralized production facilities and lack of equipment and transportation meant that programs tended to reflect the interests of urban, rather than rural, youth. It would be interesting to find out how widespread the phenomenon of television by children is, and whether it is typically found in association with particular kinds of political ideology or economic circumstances. In addition, researchers could explore the relationship between television by children and dominant national ideologies, to see whether the material reinforces or challenges dominant attitudes and values. (Twenty-six references are attached.) (PRA)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Kenya; Research Suggestions; Television Access
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (41st, Chicago, IL, May 23-27, 1991).