ERIC Number: ED333351
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Analytical Reading with Newspapers as Sole Reading Texts.
Edfeldt, Ake W.
Research Bulletins, v14 n2 Apr 1990
A study investigated the effectiveness of the "News Read" project in which reading was taught using an analytic procedure (where understanding is a prerequisite for correct decoding) using newspapers as the sole reading materials. Subjects, about 300 students in three classes from each of the three levels of Swedish comprehensive schools (grades one through three, four through six, and seven through nine), learned how to read and developed their reading skills over a two-year period by making use of a daily supply of three of Stockholm's major newspapers as their only reading texts. Results from the experimental group were compared to the results from 7,515 pupils in grades one through nine who had received analytic reading instruction but who used conventional reading materials. Results indicated that: (1) the newspaper group underwent a better and faster development so that by the end of the study's second year, the second grade subjects were reading at a level 2 to 2.5 years above grade level; (2) students demonstrated a genuine interest in reading; (3) most medium and some poor readers mustered a good enough preunderstanding to allow for the genesis of an inner dialogue between the reading child and his/her own reactions to the text; (4) subjects divided their time between skimming and reading in-depth; (5) younger children showed a faster reading development than did older children who seemed hampered by their earlier training in the conventional methods of being taught to read; (6) at no level did the main results appear until teachers understood the real essence of the program; (7) subjects increased their spelling ability and wrote better essays; and (8) parents demonstrated new and genuine interest in their children's schoolwork. (One figure and five tables of data are included.) (RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Identifiers: Newspaper in Education Program; Sweden