ERIC Number: ED333244
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Perestroyka in the Soviet Union. Occasional Paper No. 128.
Makhmoutov, Mirza Ismail
This document presents the point of view that although socialism has produced benefits for the USSR, Soviet society has undertaken its own radical reconstruction. History shows that the natural basis of changes in every society tends to be objective technological revolutions. The first technological revolution was agrarian. The second was industrial. The third revolution, the scientific and technological revolution, took place mostly in highly developed capitalist countries. The first aspect of perestroika in Soviet society is dissatisfaction with the state's power and a striving to adopt democratic governing. The second aspect of perestroika is the economy and financing. Economic reconstruction is complicated by the monopoly of central ministries, strict centralization in national economy management and its branches, lack of production material and equipment for free trading at the market, and a financial system in disarray caused by the partial transition to market relations and cooperatives. Reconstruction of the ideology in the Communist Party is also hinted at. The main trends of reforms in education are decentralization of management and differentiation of education. New concepts in vocational training include new curricula and programs and differentiation of subjects regarding professions. One way to reconstruct vocational training is by "de-ideologization" of education, democratic reform, and priority in financing. (YLB)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Communism, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, General Education, Ideology, Political Attitudes, Political Issues, Social Action, Social Change, Socialism, Vocational Education
Publications, Center on Education and Training for Employment, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1090 (order no. OC128: $3.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.
Identifiers: Perestroika; USSR