ERIC Number: ED333235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May
Reference Count: N/A
Spending To Save: Expanding Employment Opportunities. Occasional Paper 1991-2.
Levitan, Sar A.; Gallo, Frank
This paper explores the role of public jobs programs in the U.S. economy from the 1930s to the present. It postulates that jobs programs are necessary because they serve four separate but overlapping needs: alleviating joblessness, hardship, and poverty; helping the economy emerge from recession; providing jobs to able-bodied welfare recipients; and producing needed services that otherwise are neglected. It demonstrates that jobs programs are necessary even in good economic times so that disadvantaged persons can secure employment that the private sector will not give them. It also recounts the problems of previous jobs programs, such as insufficient management, too-rigid selection processes, unworkable compensation formulas, and substitution of federal funds for local government funds, and suggests ways to avoid these pitfalls. Finally, the paper recommends job programs for the 1990s as a way to work out of recession, have needed work done, and promote the work ethic. An appendix contains a table of the annual average consumer price index, 1960-1990. A list of 38 endnotes concludes the document. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Center for Social Policy Studies.