ERIC Number: ED333174
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
Modernization and Age Management in France: French Older Workers and Employment.
Gaullier, Xavier; Thomas, Charles
In the new context of economic recovery, employment creation, new technologies, and labor shortages in some sectors, France cannot sustain a systematic policy of rejecting aging workers. This policy has led gradually to the recognition that early retirement was merely an easy way out of the problem that has many substantially adverse effects on the economic, political, and social spheres. A new consensus on age management has three aspects: older workers in the workplace, older workers' layoffs, and reemployment of the older unemployed. In the workplace, stereotypes should be eliminated; enterprises should invest in massive, diversified, and integrated training programs; and forward-looking personnel management should be used. Adjustment initiatives for retirees could be made more attractive, and fewer, more selective, and more rigorously negotiated early retirement agreements are required. The implementation of an appropriate policy for reemployment of older workers implies action in five directions: (1) change in employment practices and behaviors; (2) emphasis on job placement; (3) expansion of sources of employment; (4) targeted, motivating training in an individualized program; and (5) local management based on partnership. A proactive policy must guide the public authorities, enterprises, unions, and workers. (A glossary of French terms is appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Age Discrimination, Aging (Individuals), Early Retirement, Employment Practices, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Foreign Countries, Job Applicants, Job Application, Job Placement, Labor Force, Labor Needs, Middle Aged Adults, Older Workers, Personnel Management, Personnel Policy, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Reduction in Force, Reentry Workers, Retraining, Unemployment, Work Life Expectancy
International Exchange Center on Gerontology, University of South Florida, Box 3208, Tampa, FL 33620.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Exchange Center on Gerontology, Tampa, FL.