ERIC Number: ED333121
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Initial Training and Labour-Market Entry among French Youth.
Training & Employment: French Dimensions, n3 p1-3 Spr 1991
Over the past 15 years, the level of initial training among French youth has shown a rapid rise, with one of the highest rates of full-time school attendance in Europe. This sharp increase in school attendance clearly improves the training capital. In their hiring policies, employers have become more and more selective, with the result that inequalities among young people are reinforced. During the economic slowdown, the general unemployment trend and transformations of the productive system accentuated the difficulties of entry into the labor market among the least-trained young people. However, the employment recovery has not stemmed the rise of precariousness, that is, alternating periods of unemployment, short-term employment, and return to unemployment. Youth with higher degrees appear to be little affected by the crisis. Young men graduate in great numbers with manufacturing specializations, whereas young women are concentrated in service training. Therefore, the advantages of manufacturing training tends to reinforce gender differentials. After industrial training, youths experience problems of job quality. After training in the service sector, youths face frequent periods of unemployment. To improve the conditions of entry into the labor market for young people, French employers will have to increase their recruitment of the youth population. (YLB)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Employment Opportunities, Employment Practices, Entry Workers, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Labor Market, Labor Problems, Nontraditional Occupations, Personnel Policy, Personnel Selection, Postsecondary Education, Recruitment, Sex Fairness, Unemployment, Youth, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur les Qualifications, Paris (France).