ERIC Number: ED333077
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-3
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Structured Social Interaction with the Culture-General Assimilator To Increase Cognitive Problem Solving about Intercultural Interactions in an Ethnically Diverse Population.
Ilola, Lisa Marie
This study describes an intercultural learning program combining cooperative learning with critical incidents drawn from the culture-general assimilator developed by Brislin. The training program was adapted to school teachers, a population already identified as a high-risk group because of the frequency and unpredictability of the intercultural interactions likely to occur in schools. Moreover, teachers are agents of the socialization process for young people. The 91 participants in the study, all university students, were required to engage in triad group work as they discussed hypothetical incidents illustrating cultural conflict around themes such as individualism versus collectivism. Each member of the triad played a specific role, switching roles with each new problem. The summarizer rephrased the material in his or her own words. The elaborator provided additional, related material. The monitor made sure that the summary and elaboration were accurate. Compared to a control group that participated in unrelated activities, training significantly increased participants' ability to recognize and analyze intercultural conflict in their own lives and to select correct responses and provide accurate analyses for posttest problems. The control group engaged in training later and training effects were replicated. An 8-week follow-up demonstrated retention of learning. Participants also rated training as interesting, beneficial, and enjoyable. Five tables, two appendixes, and a list of 30 references are included. (CJS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Culture Assimilator
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3, 1991).