ERIC Number: ED333058
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
School Change and Personal Meaning: Provoking "Thoughtful" Teaching and Learning in an Urban District.
Webb, Clark; And Others
This document reports on the implementation of an innovation called "thoughtful teaching and learning" (which means lessons, teaching, class interactions, student-teacher relationships, and student assessment that promote the work of the mind as the prime claim on the curriculum) with a group of district and school administrators in a large urban school district using a nonmodal approach to the change process. The modal change process in education, as described by Sarason and Fullan, typically inhibits innovation rather than fostering it. A nonmodal process was used to introduce the innovation in a series of seminars. The nonmodal process included the following themes: (1) making personal meaning on the part of those affected by the change central to the process; (2) modeling or illustrating the quality or content of the change; (3) developing collegiality or mutuality; and (4) eliminating the use of timelines or restrictions. The following preliminary findings, based on naturalistic observation, are presented: (1) most participants reported that they were uncomfortable when their thinking began to change; (2) although participants did not remark specifically about the modeling effort, their own preliminary ideas about working with their faculties followed the same pattern as the seminar model; (3) participants considered the collegiality of the change effort to be unique and it resulted in out-of-seminar activity; and (4) time was a constant preoccupation of the participants and many felt that they were obligated to achieve certain outcomes within a certain time limit. A list of 10 references is appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Salt Lake City School District UT
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (69th, November, 1990).