ERIC Number: ED333044
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Gender and Grade-Level Differences in Student Attributes Related to School Learning and Motivation.
Igoe, Ann R.; Sullivan, Howard
Descriptive data were collected from male and female students in grades 7, 9, and 11 on five learner attributes commonly reported as influencing student learning and/or motivation: desire for approval of others, attribution of success or failure, desire for challenge in academic settings, perceived self-competence in school settings, and locus of control for learning activities. A 55-item 4-point Likert-type scale was developed--the Student School and Work Survey (SSWS). The SSWS was administered to 93 males and 106 females in grade 7, 96 males and 128 females in grade 9, and 105 males and 104 females in grade 11 at a high school in a large southwestern suburban school district. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were computed for the 15 questions (3 per attribute) contained in the learner attribute section of the SSWS. These inter-item correlations revealed that, with one exception, correlations among pairs of items within a particular learner attribute were consistently significant beyond the 0.001 level and were consistently higher than were correlations with items assessing the other attributes. Females showed a higher desire than males for approval and challenge in school-related tasks. Data for males and females concerning attribution did not differ significantly, but reflected higher internal than external attribution for success in school. Relatively high levels of self-competence on school tasks and locus of control were found for both sexes. Compared to younger students, older students take less responsibility for their learning, desire less personal challenge, care less about the approval of others, and feel less school-related competence. Three data tables, two graphs, and a 20-item list of references are included. (RLC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Report Measures
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).