ERIC Number: ED332966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Small Group Goal Structures and College Student Interactions.
Marchant, Gregory J.
This observational study was conducted to investigate the nature of individual interactions within groups. The research has demonstrated that cooperative learning groups can lead to improved achievement and more positive attitudes. The time-on-task research has suggested that increasing the time a student interacts with information or materials increases the amount a student is likely to learn. The present study demonstrated that a cooperative goal structure facilitates verbal interactions and appropriate behavioral interactions. Undergraduate educational psychology students (N=44) were involved in small group work using case studies. The usual rewrite option for assignments was changed to create differing goal structures. The students either: rewrote the assignment after the small group time (individual), rewrote the assignment together as a small group (cooperative), or discussed the assignment without a rewrite option. The cooperative groups demonstrated more appropriate behaviors and more verbal behaviors. However, the effects of the cooperative goal structure did not appear to be maintained into the discussion group, which demonstrates that the effects of a cooperative goal structure are not maintained when the goal structure changes. (Author/LL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ball State University IN; Observational Studies
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).