ERIC Number: ED332867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Scientific Theory Profile: A Philosophy of Science Model for Science Teachers.
The model developed for use with science teachers--called the Scientific Theory Profile--consists of placing three well-known philosophers of science on a grid, with the x-axis being their methods for judging theories (rational vs. natural) and the y-axis being their views on scientific theories representing the Truth versus mere models of what works best (realism vs. anti-realism). The assumption is that individuals have different degrees of commitment to these views and seeing this range of views would help science teachers develop a balanced philosophy of science. The philosophers selected for detailed analysis who form the "keystone" positions on the Profile are Thomas Kuhn, Carl Hempel, and Sir Karl Popper. Nine other contemporary philosophers, all influenced by the three originals, are included in brief analyses, with their positions relative to the keystones. Analyses resulted in placement of four Natural Anti-realists, three Rational Anti-realists, four Rational Realists, and one Natural Realist. The Natural Realist, Ronald Giere offers a cognitive approach to explaining theory judgment, which appears particularly useful to science teachers. The Profile then forms the basis for a course in philosophy of science for science teachers, with some objectives and activities suggested. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Philosophy of Science; Scientific Theory Profile
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (Lake Geneva, WI, April 7-10, 1991).