ERIC Number: ED332823
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Ecology of Child Care: The Relationship of Parent-Caregiver Support and Child Care Quality to Toddler Behavior.
Caruso, Grace-Ann L.
This study investigated the association between the nature of parent-caregiver relationships and child behavior and examined the parent-caregiver relationship as a social support. A total of 120 parents of 2-year-olds who used child care at least 20 hours a week were randomly selected. Participants were asked to complete a survey that included a demographic questionnaire, measures of child behavior problems, and questions concerning support from family, friends, and caregivers. A total of 97 parents responded. Twenty parent-caregiver pairs that represented extreme positions regarding support from caregivers were subsequently interviewed in depth. Content analysis of interview data revealed four profiles of parent-caregiver relationships: custodial, business and professional, friend, and family relationships. These categories are defined and discussed. It was found that the toddlers in the sample, most of whom entered child care before 6 months of age, averaged fewer behavioral and emotional problems than toddlers in the normative sample. Caregiver support may be associated with child behavior and variations in child behavior may be related to different types and sources of social support. The relevance of the findings to the ecological model of development-in-context is noted. (RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Family Support
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).