ERIC Number: ED332821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Examination of an Attribution-Emotion Model of Reactions to Violence in Children.
Guthrie, Ivanna; Betancourt, Hector
A causal model of reactions to violence that incorporated the role of attribution processes, emotions, in-group bias, and cognitive development was studied with children 8-12 years old. Participants were 121 third and sixth graders who attended a private elementary school in southern California. In groups of six, subjects were presented one of a series of vignettes reporting an incident of violence in a sports competition at school. Photographs illustrated the vignettes. Measures of perceived intentionality and controllability, emotions experienced while listening to the story, prescriptions of punishment, and judgments concerning likelihood of retaliation were obtained on one-to-five scales. The model was analyzed using Bentler's (1989) techniques for the analysis of structural equations. Results suggested that attribution processes, in-group bias, and age play a role in children's reactions to violence. The mediating role of anger was supported. A version of the proposed model, expanded to incorporate a developmental factor, was examined and found to fit the data exceptionally well. A table and seven figures are included. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).