ERIC Number: ED332812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Characteristics of Fathers' and Mothers' Jobs: Implications for Parenting and Children's Social Development.
Greenberger, Ellen; O'Neil, Robin
Parents, their 5- to 6-year-old children, and teachers participated in a study focusing on three aspects of jobs: (1) degree of challenge and stimulation; (2) complexity of work with people and "time urgency"; and (3) the relationships of these variables to selected aspects of parenting and perceptions of children's social behavior. Data were collected through self-reports, observational measures of work and parenting, and parents' and teachers' ratings of the participating children. Findings indicated that relations between job characteristics and parenting differed substantially according to the gender of the parent and child. Features of fathers' jobs were more strongly associated with parenting than were features of mothers' jobs, and features of parents' jobs were more strongly linked to the parenting of sons than of daughters. Boys appeared to benefit selectively when parents had higher quality jobs. Parents, especially fathers, behaved more warmly and responsively with sons. They reported a firm but flexible disciplinary orientation: a pattern that did not typically emerge in relation to daughters. These findings survived controls for parental education and other potentially confounding variables. Analyses designed to probe the influence of job characteristics on parenting provided evidence for a mood spillover explanation and a transfer of training explanation. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Job Characteristics
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).