ERIC Number: ED332806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Playgrounds for Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers.
Frost, Joe L.; Dempsey, James D.
This paper offers practical assistance for the development of high quality playgrounds for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers in child care. Discussion of the value of play in child development and the benefits of outdoor play is followed by a consideration of the ways children use playgrounds in exercise, construction, group and dramatic forms of play, and games with rules. The curriculum and outdoor environment are considered. Discussion of playground development focuses on site selection and general layout; selection of play equipment; the process of cutting costs; playground safety; and liability for injuries to children resulting from lack of reasonable care. Child care directors' three major options for developing playgrounds are: (1) designing and building with volunteer labor and professional supervision; (2) using local custom designers and builders with proven expertise; and (3) using manufacturers in design and equipment selection. The first option is the least expensive and usually carries greater risk for legal liability. Any of the options can result in playgrounds with high play value and low safety risk; however, if poorly planned and implemented, any of these options can result in uninspired, sterile, and hazardous playgrounds. Definitions of different types of playground equipment are provided, as are diagrams of typical play areas for children from 6 to 24 months, 24 to 36 months, and 3 to 6 years of age. (27 references) (RH)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cost Containment