ERIC Number: ED332738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-4
Reference Count: N/A
Increasing Academic Standards and Their Impact upon Minority Transfer Students from Community Colleges: A Case Study.
Clegg, Ambrose A.; And Others
In 1989, Ohio's Kent State University (KSU) Office of Admissions and Records developed a list of 1,404 students who had transferred from Ohio's Cuyahoga Community College (CCC) to KSU between 1979 and 1989. Demographic, enrollment, academic performance, and graduation data were analyzed to determine the impact on transfer students of a proposed increase in the minimum acceptable KSU grade point average (GPA) from 2.00 to 2.50 or 2.75. Major findings of the study included the following: (1) nearly 85% of the KSU transfer students were white, and 12.4% were black, while at CCC, approximately 60% of the student population were members of minority groups; (2) the average age of the transfer students was 23, while the average age of CCC students was 29; (3) for transfer students, the average high school GPA was 2.46, and American College Testing math and verbal scores were at the 37th and 22nd percentiles compared to other KSU students; (4) 43.5% of the transfer students had graduated between 1979 and 1983, taking about 3.5 years to complete the degree program at KSU, a percentage slightly higher than the cumulative graduation rate of 41% for all other KSU students; (5) the mean GPA for the 451 students who graduated was 2.90, with black students averaging 2.45, black males averaging 2.21, and women performing better than men in all subgroups; (6) for the 428 transfer students who were currently enrolled, the mean GPA was 2.47, and for the 446 students who were not currently enrolled, the mean GPA was 1.99; and (7) raising the GPA standards to 2.50 would result in a 20% drop in the number of CCC transfer students who would graduate from KSU; and if the standard were raised to 2.75, a 40% drop would result, affecting black transfer students most by sharply reducing the number of graduates and placing more than 70% on probation. Extensive data tables and graphs are provided. (JMC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Academic Standards, Black Students, Case Studies, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Grade Point Average, Graduation Requirements, Graphs, Higher Education, Minority Groups, School Statistics, Tables (Data), Two Year Colleges, Universities
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cuyahoga Community College OH; Kent State University OH
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).