ERIC Number: ED332448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Facilitating Effects of Directive and Non-Directive Language on Toddler Language.
DiStefano, Lynda A.; And Others
This study examined the effects of maternal directive and nondirective styles of interaction on the emergence of verbal communicative intent in toddlers, and sought to understand the association between maternal interaction styles and young children's pragmatic acquisition. During free play, maternal utterances of 12 mother-child dyads, with children aged 25-29 months, were recorded. Utterances were coded as directive (signifying intent to elicit or modify the verbal and nonverbal behaviors of the child) or non-directive (providing new information or augmenting the verbal or nonverbal behaviors of the child). Children's utterances were coded as either expressing communicative intent or serving discourse functions. Results showed that: (1) children of mothers with directive interactive styles used "responding" with greater frequency and "requesting information" with less frequency than children of non-directive mothers; (2) maternal interaction style did not influence topic introduction and topic maintenance; and (3) children of non-directive mothers used a significantly more diverse vocabulary than children of directive mothers. In conclusion, behaviors are listed that may function as facilitative strategies for the development of communicative intent in children: parallel talk; reporting; imitation; expansion; and modeling. (Includes 11 references) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Directive Speech
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Seattle, WA, November 16-19, 1990).