ERIC Number: ED332368
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Two Pieces of Wood: Symbols of Control.
Lee, Sharon Shockley; McKerrow, K. Kelly
For 2 years, at least 2 days a week were spent by a researcher in observing, through the actions of the principal, the dynamics of cultural and ideologic conflict and the process of social control in an elementary school. This personal account analyzes the principal's use of corporal punishment, symbolized by the paddle, and positive reinforcement, symbolized by the pencils awarded to good students, to achieve discipline and cultural hegemony in the school. After a narrative description of the principal's interactions with students, staff, and the researcher during a single day, the principal's use of corporal punishment during different years is explored as well as his rationale for using corporal punishment, his negative view of the students and their parents, and his attitude toward black students. Numerous direct quotes are included. Next, the principal's practice of awarding a pencil to exemplary students is reviewed and the ineffectiveness of the principal's use of "two pieces of wood," the paddle and the pencil, to establish cultural hegemony is analysed. (18 references) (CLA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).