ERIC Number: ED332303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Rise, Development and Changing Conceptions of Curriculum Administration and Curriculum Guidelines in Norway: The National-Local Dilemma.
Gundem, Bjorg B.
The current move toward decentralized curriculum work throughout the western world marks a reversal of a historical trend: the gradual shifting from local to national control. In Norway, this trend is manifested by the emergence of changing conceptions of curriculum work, curriculum administration, and the nature of curriculum guidelines as steering and controlling instruments. This paper tentatively identifies and discusses emerging new conceptions and inherent conflicts and dilemmas, focusing on three phenomena: (1) the status of certain differentiation processes linked to developing centralized curriculum work and administration (compartmentalization, segmentation, and licensing); (2) the current and changing functions of national curriculum guidelines; and (3) critical issues related to various curriculum decision-making levels. Some historical highlights of Norway's situation are also discussed, namely the origins of Norwegian administration exemplified by the first curriculum commission, the establishment of state curricular competency, and the emergence of a regional administrative system of primary schools. Several points are made concerning the effects of decentralized management on curriculum development. Curriculum guidelines illustrate a pervasive paradox as they embody both freedom and constraint of freedom, especially when assessment and quality control procedures are involved. (33 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).