ERIC Number: ED332162
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Sources of Variance Influencing Adults' Reading Strategies and Comprehension.
Rupley, William H.; Longnion, Bonnie O.
A study examined and specified the effects of selected variables on adults' reading strategies and comprehension. Subjects, 20 adults in an adult basic education group, 20 students in a "high-risk freshmen" group, and 18 students enrolled in a senior level reading methods course, were administered an informal reading inventory (IRI), an intelligence test, and a self-report interview. The three subject groups differed in reading ability. Miscue patterns were analyzed on the IRI in terms of syntax, semantics, and graphophonics. Comprehension data were gathered for passages read on the IRI. Interview data were analyzed for reader's familiarity with IRI passage topics, interest in IRI passage topics, and familiarity with IRI passage writing style. Regression analyses procedures were used to explore the amount of variance associated with reading strategies noted on the IRI and comprehension of IRI passages and 13 predictor variables, including text length, content, and readability. Results indicated that: (1) miscues varied as a function of a combination of many factors; and (2) readability of a selection to a specific reader provided the most variance in the production of miscues. Findings suggest that miscues are influenced by the interaction of text and reader variables. (Eight tables of data are included; 42 references are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reading Behavior; Text Factors