ERIC Number: ED331940
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-5
Reference Count: N/A
Highlander Folk School and the Labor Movement, 1932-1953. The Relationship between Education and Social Movements.
The mission of the Highlander Folk School (Tennessee), which flourished between 1932 and 1961, was intimately intertwined with the labor movement of the 1930s and 1940s and the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Highlander began as an Appalachian community school seeking to understand the issues and problems of the community it served. By the late 1930s, Highlander had committed its resources to residential programs that emphasized developing new labor union leadership. Students were primarily officers, organizers, and members of Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) unions. By the 1940s, the school was perceived as a progressive CIO education center, promoting the social integration of all races, religions, and sexes. Following World War II, Highlander was accused of being communist-inspired and became a liability to the CIO. It resisted cooptation into corporate trade unionism in the 1950s and reemerged in the 1960s with "bottom-up" training programs for the leaders of the new civil rights movement. Highlander's history can be used as a barometer to understand the rise and fall of the labor movement, and also as an example of how education relates to social movements. A list of 17 references is appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Congress of Industrial Organizations; Highlander Folk School TN
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 5, 1991).