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ERIC Number: ED331880
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Understanding Academic Performance: 1987-88 National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes.
Lang, Eric L.; Rossi, Robert J.
The influences of student-level and campus factors on the academic performance of intercollegiate athletes were studied. Approximately 80 full-time student athletes were selected from each of 42 institutions in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Data were drawn from the 1987-88 National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes and were weighted to represent the population of approximately 56,000 student athletes at NCAA Division I schools nationwide. Three groups of students were identified in terms of their academic performance: those who performed well; those who performed at a moderate level; and those who performed poorly. Predictor variables were analyzed in eight areas: (1) time commitments; (2) finances; (3) athletic staff; (4) academic preparedness; (5) recruitment experiences; (6) housing; (7) course completion; and (8) context of the campus sports program. Analyses in each area also included four control variables: race; sport; class; and socioeconomic status. Findings provide a picture of the achievement of the student athlete. Race and type of sport were found to be significant predictors of academic performance; Scholastic Aptitude Test scores were not. Time spent in sports was not significantly related to the likelihood of being in the low academic performance group. In addition, a higher level of intercollegiate competition was related to the likelihood of low academic performance. Implications for student athletes are discussed. Twelve tables present study data. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Collegiate Athletic Association, Shawnee Mission, KS.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Collegiate Athletic Association; National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes; Student Athletes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).