ERIC Number: ED331880
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Academic Performance: 1987-88 National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes.
Lang, Eric L.; Rossi, Robert J.
The influences of student-level and campus factors on the academic performance of intercollegiate athletes were studied. Approximately 80 full-time student athletes were selected from each of 42 institutions in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Data were drawn from the 1987-88 National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes and were weighted to represent the population of approximately 56,000 student athletes at NCAA Division I schools nationwide. Three groups of students were identified in terms of their academic performance: those who performed well; those who performed at a moderate level; and those who performed poorly. Predictor variables were analyzed in eight areas: (1) time commitments; (2) finances; (3) athletic staff; (4) academic preparedness; (5) recruitment experiences; (6) housing; (7) course completion; and (8) context of the campus sports program. Analyses in each area also included four control variables: race; sport; class; and socioeconomic status. Findings provide a picture of the achievement of the student athlete. Race and type of sport were found to be significant predictors of academic performance; Scholastic Aptitude Test scores were not. Time spent in sports was not significantly related to the likelihood of being in the low academic performance group. In addition, a higher level of intercollegiate competition was related to the likelihood of low academic performance. Implications for student athletes are discussed. Twelve tables present study data. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrators, Athletes, Background, College Athletics, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Context Effect, High Achievement, Higher Education, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Low Achievement, National Surveys, Performance Factors, Predictor Variables, Racial Differences, Student Characteristics
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Collegiate Athletic Association, Shawnee Mission, KS.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Collegiate Athletic Association; National Study of Intercollegiate Athletes; Student Athletes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).