ERIC Number: ED331844
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
Differential Item Functioning: Performance by Sex on Reading Comprehension Tests.
Items in the verbal (Hebrew and English) sections of the Psychometric Entrance Test (PET) administered for university admission in Israel were studied for differential item functioning (DIF) between the sexes. Analyses were conducted for 4,354 males and 4,901 females taking Form 3 of the PET in April 1984, and 3,786 males and 3,815 females taking Form 17 of the PET in April 1987. Three subtests were examined: (1) verbal reasoning; (2) English; and (3) mathematical reasoning (a control non-verbal test). DIF was determined for the 1984 population through: the weighted sum of the differences between the two groups and across all ability groups; and the root of the mean squared differences as defined above. These two indices and a Mantel-Haenszel chi square test examined DIF for the 1987 group. About one-third of the items in the verbal and mathematics reasoning tests were found to have DIF, but few English subtest items did so. The content of some of the items exhibiting DIF was clearly related to stereotypical perceptions of feminine and masculine areas of interest. Implications for test content are discussed. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Israel; Psychometric Entrance Test (Israel)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academic Committee for Research on Language Testing (9th, Kiryat Anavim, Israel, April 25-27, 1990).