ERIC Number: ED331834
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Prices of Secrecy: The Social, Intellectual, and Psychological Costs of Current Assessment Practice. A Report to the Ford Foundation.
Schwartz, Judah L., Ed.; Viator, Katherine A., Ed.
Problems in accountability assessment are examined from a unique perspective by considering the prices paid as a result of the use of secret tests (tests comprised of items drawn from non-publicly available item banks). This report is a compilation of the following articles: (1) "The Social, Intellectual, and Psychological Prices of Secrecy" (K. A. Viator); (2) "Secrecy in Testing: The Social Costs from an Equity Perspective" (A. G. Hilliard, III); (3) "The Unfair Effects of Standardized Testing on Blacks and Other Minorities" (C. V. Willie); (4) "The Legal Advantages of Openness in Testing" (J. P. Heubert); (5) "Sending Clear Signals to Schools and Labor Markets" (S. E. Berryman); (6) "The Intellectual Prices of Secrecy in Mathematics Assessment" (J. L. Schwartz); (7)"Assessment in Science Education" (S. A. Raizen); (8) "Language and Language Arts Assessment" (C. S. Chomsky); (9) "Secure Tests, Insecure Test Takers" (G. Wiggins); (10) "The Psychological Costs of Secrecy and the Promise of Openness: The Impact on the Teacher" (E. K. Stage); (11) "Testing, Teachers, and Schools" (V. Perrone); and (12) "A Role for Technology in Changing Assessment: From Bias, Mediocrity, and Intimidation to Fairness, Challenge, and Support" (J. L. Schwartz). The papers focus on large-scale standardized tests and the impact of secrecy for three separate aspects of education: social; intellectual; and psychological. It is concluded that disclosure may improve test quality. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Achievement Tests, Confidentiality, Educational Assessment, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Standardized Tests, Test Bias, Test Construction, Test Items, Testing Problems
Educational Technology Center, Nichols House, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, MA 02138 (Order No. 90-00, $10.00).
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Educational Technology Center, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers: Large Scale Programs; Open Testing; Secrecy; Test Disclosure; Test Security