ERIC Number: ED331812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-7
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of the Reasons Why Teachers Change Teaching Jobs.
This paper investigates the reasons why teachers change teaching jobs, focusing on movements of teachers between rather than within districts. The dataset traces the careers of full-time Michigan public school teachers during the 1970s. To build the regression models, a discrete-time maximum likelihood method was used. The study is restricted to districts with stable to expanding enrollments to insure that teachers' job changes were voluntary, not driven by layoffs. A separate analysis was made of special education teachers who were in high demand at that time because of new state legislation mandating expansion of special education programs. Results indicate that the probability of a job change increases during the first two years of teaching, then steadily decreases so that there is almost no job movement after the fifth year of teaching. Findings indicate that teachers prefer larger districts to smaller ones, are more likely to leave districts with large numbers of students from families with low socioeconomic status, and are more likely to leave districts with relatively low salary scales. Estimates are made of the effects of salary increases on the probability of retaining experienced teachers in a district. (Author/IAH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).