ERIC Number: ED331675
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Farm Family Adaptations to Severe Economic Distress: Missouri. Results of the 1989 Regional Farm Survey.
Hobbs, Daryl; Klein, Tanna
During the farm crisis of the 1980s, many midwestern farm families suffered financial distress, but by 1989 an uneven financial recovery was under way. This report summarizes data collected from 192 Missouri farm operators (a 21% response rate) and 166 spouses (an 18% response rate) as part of a large survey conducted in 12 North Central states. The purpose of the survey was to identify farm families' adaptation pattern, information and educational needs, and opinions on rural development. Operators had an average age of 55.4 years. About 22% of farmers and 20% of spouses had some postsecondary education. In 1988, 5% of respondents had negative net family income, while 43% had family incomes between $1.00 and $19,999. About 89% of farms contained less than 500 acres. Most respondents believed that, over the last 5 years, local services, facilities, and quality of life factors had improved or stayed about the same; about 30% saw improvements in adult education opportunities and quality of schools. About 57% believed that financial conditions for farmers had gotten worse, and about 42% thought that conditions would continue to deteriorate. Most farmers responded to hard times by postponing major purchases or using savings for living expenses; 30% decreased savings for their children's education. About half of farmers and a third of spouses worked off the farm; 9% had participated in vocational education or retraining, but most thought it was unhelpful. Highly rated information and training needs were concerned with using new technologies and appropriate conservation techniques and reducing costs through low-input farming. Spouses were highly involved in farm operations and decisionmaking. This report contains 15 data tables. (SV)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Behavior Change, Community Services, Coping, Economic Change, Economic Impact, Economic Status, Educational Needs, Family Income, Farmers, Financial Problems, Information Needs, Quality of Life, Rural Farm Residents, Spouses, State Surveys, Tables (Data)
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, 317D East Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Farm Crisis; Farm Women; Missouri
Note: For related reports, see RC 018 075, RC 018 078, and RC 018 136-145. Each report in this series contains a section on "Information and Training Needs." Part of regional research project NC-184.