ERIC Number: ED331672
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Farm Family Adaptations to Severe Economic Distress: Ohio. Results of the 1989 Regional Farm Survey.
Lobao, Linda; Meyer, Katherine
During the farm crisis of the 1980s, many midwestern farm families suffered financial distress, but by 1989 an uneven financial recovery was under way. This report summarizes data collected from 388 Ohio farm operators (a 38.8% response rate) and 353 spouses as part of a large survey conducted in 12 North Central states. The purpose of the survey was to identify farm families' adaptation pattern, information and educational needs, and opinions on rural development. Operators had an average age of 53 years, and most respondents had attained at least a high school diploma. In 1988, 8% of respondents had negative net family income, while average family income fell in the range of $20,000-$29,999. Average farm size was 367 acres. Most respondents believed that, over the last 5 years, local services and quality of life factors had stayed about the same; 37% reported improvements in adult education opportunities. Over 60% believed that financial conditions for farmers had gotten worse, and about 40% thought that conditions would continue to deteriorate. About half responded to hard times by postponing major purchases or using savings for living expenses; 35% decreased savings for their children's education. Nearly half of farmers and spouses worked off the farm; 14% had participated in vocational education or retraining programs and 7% thought they were not helpful. Highly rated information and training needs were concerned with marketing skills, reducing costs through low-input farming, and using new technologies. Spouses were very involved in farm operations and decisionmaking, and experienced considerable stress related to farming risks and balancing responsibilities. This report contains 15 data tables. (SV)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Community Services, Coping, Economic Change, Economic Impact, Economic Status, Educational Needs, Family Income, Farmers, Financial Problems, Information Needs, Quality of Life, Rural Farm Residents, Spouses, State Surveys, Stress Variables, Tables (Data)
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, 317D East Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Farm Crisis; Farm Women; Ohio
Note: For related reports, see RC 018 075, RC018 078, and RC 018 136-145. Each report in this series contains a section on "Information and Training Needs." Part of regional research project NC-184.