ERIC Number: ED331197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Development of Communication in Deaf Infants.
This longitudinal study looked at how communication developed in seven deaf infants (ages 6-18 months) with either deaf or hearing parents. The children were video- recorded in interactional settings with their parents in their home every second month. A parallel study was conducted with seven blind infants and three severely visually impaired infants. Examples are given to illustrate first, interactions between deaf infants and their deaf parents and second, interactions between deaf infants and their hearing parents. Among observations were that deaf parents did not produce a continuous flow of signs when communicating with the child but modified their way of signing from single signs presented repeatedly and in the child's visual field to two or three signs; that they went from primarily naming objects to describing qualities and attributes and asking questions. Hearing parents did not respond to early infant attempts at expression but were focused on their own signing attempts. In comparison with blind children, deaf children often had a vocabulary of 10-12 signs by one year whereas blind infants uttered their first words at a mean age of 16 months, possibly due to the difficulty blind infants have in sharing their awareness of objects with their caregiver. Appended is a checklist of infant/mother communicative behaviors. (Nine references) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Stockholm. Commission for Social Research.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Disabled Parents
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial International ISAAC Conference on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (4th, Stockholm, Sweden, August 12-16, 1990).