ERIC Number: ED331169
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Experiment in Restructuring K-6 Education: The Orchard Plan.
Gandara, Patricia; Fish, Judy
Outcomes of the Orchard Plan, an experiment designed to reorganize funding to support new models of instructional delivery, are described in this report. Basic elements of the program include an extended school calendar; a reorganization of categorical funding into intersession enrichment courses for at-risk students; a reduction in class size through a rotating, tracking system; the opportunity for extended teachers' contracts; restructuring of curriculum units; and voluntary participation and shared decision making. Evaluation of the four participating schools' first-year outcomes indicates overall success. Results include a high level of parent and teacher satisfaction; maintenance of overall achievement scores, with enhancement in some areas; increased school capacity; increased teacher salaries; and a small reduction in class size. Although it is difficult to directly attribute increased academic achievement to a particular intervention, teachers at each school reported a decrease in students' negative behaviors. Conclusions point to the feasibility of extended-year programs; the need for diverse sources of program support; the benefits of offering teacher contract options; the usefulness of extended-year programs to reduce class size without additional cost; and the value of experimentation to generate positive classroom attitudes. Limitations in implementing such a program involve differences among individual schools in budgeting, space, and planning capacities. Four tables are included. (12 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).