ERIC Number: ED331049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Phenomenology of Research: The Construction of Meaning in Data Analysis.
Much composition research, even qualitative research, posits a world "out there" waiting to be understood and seeks causes of phenomena without considering the subjective states of researchers or study participants. Because of this, many researchers consider social phenomena as "things" which coerce human behavior. But even considering this view, the uncovered reality is still an intentional reality because objects acquire structure and meaning through the involved, intentional conduct of researchers. By asking how the observer contributed to the creation of this meaning, it is possible to begin to understand the process by which actors establish meaning. Phenomenological philosophy has great implications for the ways research reports are read. If the world is created through human intentionality, both the writing and the reading of research reports add other layers of intentionality. Researchers need to recognize the fine line between objectively and subjectively studying phenomena, between describing reality and creating it, between recording data and telling stories. Researchers need to realize that their own subjectivity affects the design and analysis of even the most positivist research techniques. (Thirteen references are attached.) (SG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Researcher Role; Writing Contexts
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (42nd, Boston, MA, March 21-23, 1991).