ERIC Number: ED330988
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Occupational Choices of Elementary School Children: Traditional or Non-Traditional?
Awender, M. A.; Wearne, T. David
This study examined the occupational perspectives and preferences of 178 students (ages 9-14 ) from three urban schools; one in a high socioeconomic area; the second in a lower socioeconomic stratum with parents in white and blue collar jobs; and the third in a low-income industrial area where most parents lived in subsidized low-income housing and were employed in manufacturing and production occupations. Students completed questionnaires comprised of seven categories, each with five occupations which they were asked to rank order according to their "desired vocation" once they finished their education. Each grouping included occupations traditionally stereotyped as male or female. Results showed that the ratio of boys to girls in choosing traditional gender-stereotyped occupational roles was 8:1. Sex-stereotyped answers were given most often by the lowest socioeconomic group, followed by the highest socioeconomic group. The middle group demonstrated virtually no pattern of selecting traditionally male or female occupations. Marriage and family remained predominant in the minds of the girls, but 94 per cent of them indicated a desire for an outside career--yet their choice of outside careers still tended to reflect occupations traditionally considered to be female dominated. The male respondents' perceptions of their occupational roles did not reflect any drastic change from the traditional view. (TE)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Attitude Change, Career Choice, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Aspiration, Preadolescents, Sex Differences, Sex Stereotypes, Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Consultation on Vocational Counselling (16th, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, January 23-25, 1990).