ERIC Number: ED330970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Occupational Choices of Children: Must They Be Traditional?
Wearne, T. David
Most research indicates that the stereotyping of career roles still occurs among children and youth, and this form of stereotyping has a significant influence on career choice and vocational aspirations. Three factors which seem to keep girls from pursuing non-traditional occupations include gender-role socialization, poor self-efficacy, and negative attitudes held by both girls and women. The focus of career decisions made during the early school years is based on the use of fantasy. During the fantasy period, and beyond, imagery and daydreams may be a viable vehicle to counter the effects of the the factors which influence gender-role stereotyping. The preferred approach for school counselors to reach children and youth has always been primary prevention. The vehicle utilized in a primary prevention program is usually the same as that found in most good classrooms; the counselor emphasizes group dynamics in assisting the class-sized group to realize new attitudes about gender roles. Counselors can assist children either directly or indirectly with the assistance of classroom teachers to develop new and exciting views of their place in a society devoid of gender-role stereotyping. As children come to learn that work can become an integral part of a healthy, productive lifestyle rather than a life sentence, they will find much more meaning to planning for their place in society. (LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Consultation on Vocational Counselling (17th, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, January 22-24, 1991).