ERIC Number: ED330949
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Rates of Utilization of Iowa's Public Alcohol Treatment Facilities 1984-1986.
Tracy, Patsy Dills
The 5% set-aside fund from the federal Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Services block grant of 1984 provided a special emphasis on women's entry into treatment programs. Secondary analysis of admissions data from the Iowa Division of Substance Abuse Management Information System for 1984 to 1986 demonstrated that there was a change in the trend of admissions to public alcohol treatment facilities with gender, age, and race being significant factors in these changes. Although a majority of the admissions to these treatment facilities continued to be white males, there was an increase in female admissions. In 1986, females comprised 21.2% of the total admissions compared to the 17.7% female admissions in 1984 and the 11% female admissions in 1977. There were twice as many adolescent females as there were adolescent males in treatment in 1986. However, there was a gradual decrease in the female admissions in the 31-49 age group. Minority women were represented by higher percentages of admissions than were minority men. The analysis of the socio-demographic data on admissions highlights the factors of age and race as the most significant factors associated with entry. Women had fewer prior admissions, lower frequency of alcohol use, less employment, and more health insurance than men. (Author/BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Association for Counseling and Development (Reno, NV, April 22-24, 1991).