ERIC Number: ED330714
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Affirmative Action Strategies and Professional Schools: Case Illustrations of Exemplary Programs.
Twale, Darla J.; And Others
Seven case illustrations of affirmative action (AFA) programs are presented. Increases in the numbers of women and minority students at professional schools have been reported, but disadvantaged populations still suffer underrepresentation. The literature indicates that effective AFA may be realized through: early identification programs and pre-professional contact during recruitment; role modeling and mentoring used from early identification through professional licensure; resocialization techniques for both faculty and students used after matriculation; and academic, social, and psychological support services used during the program to enhance retention. A survey of law, medical, dental, and veterinary schools revealed various AFA strategies used for the recruitment, admission, and retention of women and minorities. Data for the seven case studies included responses by AFA officers to a nine-item mail questionnaire. The survey examined enrollment, graduate, and licensure rates for women and minority students as well as recruitment, admission, and retention strategies used to facilitate AFA. The results are based on the responses of personnel from 10 medical, 10 veterinary, 11 dental, and 24 law schools. The case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of a concise, directed program of strategies complementary to the professional school, its faculty, their geographic location, their targeted clientele, and their specific goals for cultural diversity. A 38-item list of references and three data tables are included. (TJH)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Case Studies, Certification, College Attendance, Dental Schools, Enrollment, Equal Education, Graduation, Higher Education, Law Schools, Mail Surveys, Medical Schools, Professional Education, Program Evaluation, School Surveys, Student Recruitment, Veterinary Medical Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).