ERIC Number: ED330542
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Rural Adolescent Health Risk Behaviors: Age, Gender, and Ethnic Differences.
Salzman, Stephanie A.; Girvan, James T.
A survey of health risk behaviors was administered to a representative sample of 7,776 Idaho students in grades 8-12. Respondents were 86% White, 6% Hispanic, 4% American Indian, 3% Asian, and 2% Black. These rural adolescents reported that they had engaged in some health risk behaviors at rates comparable to those of other U.S. adolescents: 57% had smoked cigarettes; 37% had sampled chewing tobacco or snuff; and 33% had had five or more drinks at least once in the past month. Over 25% had had serious suicidal thoughts in the past year. However, drug-related risk behaviors were comparatively lower among rural youth, with 86% stating they had never used illicit drugs of any kind. Few respondents engaged in regular exercise. Adolescents who engaged in one risk behavior were more likely to engage in others and less likely to practice wellness behaviors. American Indian and Hispanic teenagers reported significantly higher rates of alcohol and drug use than Whites or Asians. Non-Whites had higher rates of suicidal thought than Whites, while Whites were more likely to have used diet pills and smokeless tobacco. Males were more likely than females to engage in risk taking and experimentation with cars and motorcycles, alcohol, and drugs, while females were more likely to report behaviors associated with eating disorders. This paper contains responses to survey items and statistics for the total sample and break-down data by gender, ethnicity, and age. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Centers for Disease Control (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Health Hazards; Idaho; Risk Taking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).