ERIC Number: ED330499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Using Representations: Comprehension and Production of Actions with Imagined Objects.
O'Reilly, Anne Watson
The comprehension and production of pantomimes on the part of 3- and 5-year-olds and nonneurologically impaired adults was studied. In a comprehension task, subjects watched a videotape of a woman performing 3 training pantomimes and 8 test pantomimes and then explained what the woman was pretending to do. The test pantomimes included 4 pantomimes representing an object as a body part (BPO) and 4 with symbolic object representation. An example of BPO representation is the use of a finger as a toothbrush. In symbolic object representation, the mimer pretends to hold a toothbrush. Results indicated that the BPO response reflects a conceptual difficulty that young children have with the symbolic representation of objects. In contrast to the adults, the children produced a significant number of BPO responses. Three-year-olds correctly labelled pantomimes with BPO representations significantly more often than symbolic object pantomimes. Children seemed to have difficulty in specifying the actions conceptually and were helped by the presence of a body part in their efforts to disambiguate similar actions and objects. Findings are discussed in the context of children's increasing independence from concrete environmental support in regards to their knowledge about actions and objects. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Productive Competence; Representational Competence
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).