ERIC Number: ED330493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Stress and Coping as Predictors of Young Children's Development and Psychosocial Adjustment.
Carson, David K.; Swanson, Dee M.
A total of 38 children of 5-6 years in one of four early childhood or kindergarten programs participated in a study of the predictive relationship of stress and coping to development and psychosocial adjustment. Measures of independent variables included the Life Events Scale for Children, Family Invulnerability Test, Hassles Scale for Children, Analysis of Coping Style, and Chandler's Stress Response Scale. Measures of the dependent variables were the Developmental Profile II, Battelle Development Inventory, the observational form of Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist, Child Behavior Rating Scale, Child and Adolescent Adjustment Profile, and the California Preschool Social Competence Scale. Individual coping styles were the most significant predictors of development and psychosocial adjustment, followed by a number of family variables. Although stressful life events were predictive of children's social development and more significant than daily hassles as an independent variable, they were generally unrelated to adjustment and other areas of development. Findings indicated that situational, personal, and family characteristics were all predictive of certain areas of children's development and adjustment, thus providing further evidence that factors associated with resiliency and vulnerability are multifaceted. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multiple Measures Approach; Psychosocial Adaptation
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).