ERIC Number: ED330432
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Shaping of Social Policy Agendas: Australian Child Care Policy.
Two key periods in the history of Australian child care policies are examined and speculative comparisons with British policies are made. During World War II, perceptions of the need for organized child care in Australia were tied almost exclusively to the war-related need for women's labor. During 1942, the question of child care for children of women war workers received considerable public attention and opposition. In early 1943, the government reluctantly acceded to the many demands for child care provision by introducing an experimental program in which a small number of philanthropic organizations were to be given funds to expand existing services. On Christmas Eve, 1945, the organizations were informed that the experiment in child care had come to an end. It was not until 1972 that the Australian government once more became involved in child care policy by introducing the Child Care Act. Parallels between the World War II period and the post-1972 period are numerous. In recent years, child care issues have moved from the periphery to the mainstream of the political agenda and there has been a massive expansion of public expenditure on child care provision. These changes have occurred as a result of the large rise in the employment of women with young children and the increased significance of their contribution to household earnings. (RH)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; Social Policy
Note: Paper presented at the Social Policy Association Conference (Bath, England, July 10-12, 1990).