ERIC Number: ED330262
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Cooperative Learning in Post Secondary Education: Implications from Social Psychology for Active Learning Experiences.
Sherman, Lawrence W.
The paper briefly discusses pedagogical theory underlying the application of cooperative learning strategies in postsecondary environments and describes specific cooperative pedagogical strategies. Most of the paper consists of descriptions of the following exemplary cooperative learning techniques, with supporting data when available: (1) Aronson's Jigsaw Classroom (in which material to be learned is apportioned among student groups who teach their expertise to the rest); (2) Dansereau's scripted dyadic model, in which pairs of students exchange multiple oral summaries of brief sections of text material; (3) Fantuzzo's reciprocal peer tutoring (pairs of students test each other in preparation for a class test); (4) Johnson, Johnson, and Smith's structured controversy (students are assigned to support opposing sides of an issue); (5) Lyman's Think-Pair-Share technique (pairs of students discuss individual responses and then share with the whole group); (6) Miller and Spencer's roundtable (students brainstorm their responses); (7) Sharan's group investigation model (small groups investigate and prepare presentations on a subtopic); (8) Sherman and Woy-Hazleton's student team project (student groups work on a real community problem); and (9) Sherman's dyadic essay confrontations (students compose and share sample essay questions). Approximately 100 references accompany the theoretical portion of the paper, and an appendix includes an annotated bibliography of 58 items. (DB)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Educational Methods, Experiential Learning, Group Discussion, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Higher Education, Learning Theories, Psychology, Questioning Techniques, Social Psychology, Student Participation, Student Projects, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).