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ERIC Number: ED329824
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Six School-Based Clinics: Their Reproductive Health Services and Impact on Sexual Behavior.
Kirby, Douglas; And Others
Family Planning Perspectives, v23 n1 p6-16 Jan-Feb 1991
An evaluation of the reproductive health programs of six diverse school-based clinics measured the impact of the clinics on sexual behavior and contraceptive use. All six clinics served low-income populations; at five of them, the great majority of the students were black. An analysis of student visits by type of care given found that these clinics were not primarily family planning facilities; rather, they provided reproductive health care as one component of a comprehensive health program. Student survey data was collected in four schools with clinics and four nearby comparison schools with similar social and demographic characteristics but without clinics. Because the other two schools included in the evaluation had not yet opened their clinics, preclinic baseline data and 2-year postclinic data were collected for them. Findings indicated that the clinics neither hastened the onset of sexual activity nor increased its frequency. The clinics had varying effects on contraceptive use. Providing contraceptives on site was not enough to significantly increase their use; in only one of the three sites that did so were students in the clinic school significantly more likely than students in the comparison school to have used birth control during last intercourse. Although the data suggest that the clinics probably prevented small numbers of pregnancies at some schools, none of the clinics had a statistically significant effect on school-wide pregnancy rates. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: School Based Health Clinics