ERIC Number: ED329812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Work Expectations in Brazilian and Belgian Undergraduates.
D'Amorim, Maria Alice
Expectation theory, developed during the 1930s and 1940s, explains human behavior in terms of interaction between person and situation characteristics, as they are perceived by the individual. This study is centered on the expectations of Belgian and Brazilian undergraduates about their first professional job. Recent research about work expectations by men and women found as its main determinants, social class, number of socially acceptable careers and the type of social experiences available during childhood. Brazilian (N=342) and Belgian (N=273) undergraduate college students completed an inventory which assessed work-related expectations in the areas of work's social significance, tasks characteristics, opportunity to use one's abilities, and opportunity to receive feedback about one's performance. The results indicated that the expectations of young people about their future were influenced by their cultural background and their previous work experience. Brazilians were optimistic about their first jobs, despite the economic situation in the country. Not only did they expect to be more successful in their jobs, but the women expected their jobs would be socially significant. Belgians showed pessimism towards their first jobs and feared that requirements would be high. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Belgium; Brazil
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the International Council of Psychologists (48th, Tokyo, Japan, July 14-18, 1990). For a related document, see CG 023 180.