ERIC Number: ED329811
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Management Style Expectations in Belgian and Brazilian Undergraduates.
D'Amorim, Maria Alice
Leadership has been considered a personality trait, some specific type of behavior to be learned, or the result of a combination of circumstances. As a special instance of leadership, management style has suffered the same definitional problems, but lately it has been considered a complex phenomenon, with three basic elements: the leader, the group, and the situation. In a previous study the Personal Management Style Questionnaire was tested in Brazil to determine its applicability under a different cultural setting. Results demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability. This study used part of the Brazilian group, undergraduate students (N=412) who had never worked, from the first study and an equivalent group of Belgium undergraduates (N=267). The Personal Management Style Questionnaire, which measures expectations about management, was administered to all subjects. Results indicated Brazilian women showed a general optimism in their expectations about future jobs, where management style will be equitable, flexible and friendly. Men expected to have freedom in the organization of their work, with a more general management style; women expected a flexible supervision using a control with a low emphasis on status. This difference, which appeared only in Brazil, may be explained by a stronger tendency to instrumentality among males and to expressiveness among females. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Belgium; Brazil; Management Styles
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the International Council of Psychologists (48th, Tokyo, Japan, July 14-18, 1990). Best copy available. For a related document, see CG 023 181.