ERIC Number: ED329632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Disadvantage in the Youth Labour Market: A Review of Evidence from the Scottish Young People's Survey.
This paper summarizes evidence from the Scottish Young People's Survey (SYPS) on the labor market problems of young people in Scotland. The discussion focuses largely on youth unemployment. Other indicators of disadvantage, such as quality of employment and wages, are either difficult to measure or are of doubtful validity for this age group. Since neighborhood is not an important source of the labor market disadvantage of young people, and factors associated with disadvantage do not show much local variation, much of the discussion is not specific to young people in deprived urban areas. Data from the SYPS indicate that leaving school and leaving vocational training programs are critical points in the process of becoming unemployed. Youth unemployment rates vary substantially across travel-to-work areas and generally correlate closely with adult rates. Significantly, however, SYPS data suggest that factors associated with individual chances of unemployment are the same across travel-to-work areas. Survey evidence consistently shows that school qualifications, or the lack thereof, are the most powerful predictors of a young person's chances of employment. The paper concludes that the best way to help young people in deprived areas is to raise their attainments in compulsory education. (AF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Edinburgh Univ. (Scotland). Centre for Educational Sociology.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Scotland; Youth Training Scheme
Note: Paper presented to an Internal Seminar at the Industry Department for Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, November 1989).