ERIC Number: ED329582
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Teacher Evaluation: A Functional Approach.
Shannon, David M.
An overview is presented of methods of teacher assessment. The most heavily used methods of teacher assessment are standardized paper-and-pencil examinations and on-the-job ratings by supervisors. An alternative to the paper-and-pencil approach is explored, and preliminary evidence is presented in support of this assessment strategy. Paper-and-pencil tests have been criticized primarily for their lack of face validity and predictive validity. Ratings by supervisors have been criticized for: (1) lack of accurate measurement properties; (2) low predictive validity for student learning; and (3) halo effects. An alternative, a modification of traditional paper-and-pencil tests, is the Simulation Test of Interactive Teaching Competencies-Hays (STITC-H), developed by L. Hays. Four alternative courses of teacher action are presented for choice in the STITC-H using a slide projector and an audiocassette. Preliminary evidence from a study by Hays involving 46 experienced teachers, 30 student teachers, and 31 adults without teacher training suggested the usefulness of the test as a measure of teacher learning or experience. D. M. Shannon (1990) revised the STITC-H and investigated it with 25 student teachers and 78 non-education college students. Evidence of construct validity was obtained, and this alternative approach to testing teachers was supported. A 23-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Computer Simulation, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Job Performance, Occupational Tests, Secondary School Teachers, Standardized Tests, Teacher Evaluation, Test Construction, Test Format, Test Use, Test Validity
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Paper and Pencil Tests; Simulation Test Interact Teach Competencies (Hays); Subject Content Knowledge; Teacher Competency Testing
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (14th, Boston, MA, February 13-17, 1991).