ERIC Number: ED329534
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Praise: It Beats Getting Hit with a Stick. Maybe!
Tauber, Robert T.
Educators commonly consider praise an example of positive reinforcement. They are correct, but they may also be incorrect because the effect upon students of educators administering praise is influenced by the students themselves. Two situations, at least, exist where praise may not bring about its intended effect. Praise may be inappropriate when it is either perceived to be an evaluation or felt to be undeserved. For those perceiving praise as an evaluation, praise is something that has to be handled or coped with. Praise can also make the recipient feel manipulated. Those receiving praise that is felt to be undeserved must deal with mixed messages regarding their worth and with the perception that the sender of the message is lying. According to some of the literature, superior teachers are characterized by giving, among other things, only limited amounts of praise. Rather than spontaneously punctuating each student's actions with praise, teachers should become more informed, and thus more selective, in their use of praise. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Teacher Educators (71st, New Orleans, LA, February 16-20, 1991).