ERIC Number: ED329268
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
International Exchange Formats.
This paper focuses on the establishment of three standard international formats for the exchange of bibliographic data--UNIMARC, CCF, and the UNISIST Reference Manual--and outlines their common and differing features. The development of the UNIMARC manual as the standard international MARC network exchange format is traced, and its salient features, linking techniques, and the UNIMARC companion authorities format are examined. It is noted that criticisms of UNIMARC include subject redundancy in the manual, an incompatibility between record cataloging formats, and its lack of implementation among specific user groups. The establishment of the Common Communication Format (CCF) by Unesco in response to UNIMARC's incompatibilities with other international formats is then documented, and its aim--to establish the exchange of records between both library and secondary service communities--is described. Noting that, in a similar context, automation in the secondary service communities required a standard set of data elements for the exchange of bibliographic data in machine-readable form, this report also describes the development of the UNISIST reference manual and its history and use, as well as CCF users and technical features. A discussion of the CCF in terms of its relationship with existing formats and as an exchange format for bibliographic data concludes the report. (24 references) (MAB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Common Communication Format; MARC; UNESCO; UNISIST
Note: Paper presented at the International Symposium on Information Technology (Bangkok, Thailand, September 4-8, 1989).