ERIC Number: ED329089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug-12
Reference Count: 0
Communicative Skills of Nonspeaking CP-Children: A Study on Interaction.
This paper presents the results of a study on communicative interaction patterns of three nonspeaking children (ages 8-12) with physical disabilities and their adult speaking conversation partners in three different interaction situations (with a speech therapist in a rehabilitation center, during conversation with their mothers at home, and during mealtime with an assistant at school). Results showed that the speaking adult dominated the content and the flow of the conversation with the exception of one assistant whose style of interaction positively stimulated the children's initiating behavior. Little variance was found between interaction patterns in the home situation and in the therapy situation. Two children predominantly used vocalization and gesture, alone or in combination, across all situations. The third child predominantly used eyegaze. The children made minimal use of their communication aids, which were non-electronic aids with Blissymbols and pictographs. The children used their aids primarily as a means to initiate topics. (JDD)
Descriptors: Body Language, Cerebral Palsy, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communication Skills, Discourse Analysis, Elementary Education, Eye Contact, Foreign Countries, Interaction, Interpersonal Communication, Mothers, Nonverbal Communication, Parent Child Relationship, Physical Disabilities, Pictorial Stimuli, Speech Therapy, Therapists
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Augmentative Communication Systems; Bliss Symbols; Conversation
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial ISAAC International Conference on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (4th, Stockholm, Sweden, August 12-16, 1990).