ERIC Number: ED329088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug-12
Reference Count: N/A
A Follow-Up Study of Non-Speaking Pupils Who Communicate with Bliss Symbols at Bracke Ostergard, Gothenburg, Sweden.
A regional center for physically disabled children in Gothenburg, Sweden, called Bracke Ostergard, teaches non-speaking pupils to communicate with Bliss symbols. School records were examined for the 38 non-speaking pupils, mostly cerebral palsied, who had been trained to use Bliss symbols. Results showed that, of the 32 cerebral palsied children, 25 use Bliss symbols. The five children with acquired or progressive brain damage had a spoken language and subsequently used traditional orthography in place of Bliss symbols. Among deaf children, sign language is most commonly used, but it was felt that deaf pupils had a more flexible communication system if they learned Bliss symbols as well as sign language. In the 1970s, children started with Bliss training at elementary school, but in the 1980s children started Bliss training in preschool. Eighteen of the pupils know more than 200 symbols. Pupils with severe athetoid movements could not indicate their symbols clearly and thus had poor communicative ability. (JDD)
Descriptors: Cerebral Palsy, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communication Skills, Deafness, Elementary Secondary Education, Followup Studies, Foreign Countries, Neurological Impairments, Nonverbal Communication, Orthographic Symbols, Performance Factors, Physical Disabilities, Pictorial Stimuli, Sign Language
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bliss Symbols; Sweden
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial ISAAC International Conference on Augmentative and Alternative Communication (4th, Stockholm, Sweden, August 12-16, 1990).